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Voices Essays On Canadian Families Today

 

TRANSCRIPT

There are now 9.8 million families in Canada, according to the 2016 Census. This is 15 times as many as in 1871, when the first census was taken after Confederation. Yet as the number of families increased, their size decreased.

Back in the 19th century, Canada was mostly a rural society with small, family-run farms. Larger families meant that more children were around to help run the farm. But families have always come in different shapes and sizes. Even then, lone-parent families and stepfamilies were quite common, because mortality was much higher.

This led to early widowhood and remarriage. Other people stayed single for economic or religious reasons.

Many changes have taken place since then, such as the Divorce Act of 1968, the birth-control pill, the growing participation of women in both paid work and higher education, and the legalization of same-sex marriage.

Since the 1970s, women have been having less than two children on average.

Today, fewer families are made up of married couples, while common-law couples and lone-parent families have increased steadily over the last decades.

The family situation of children has also changed significantly, partly because today's parents often separate before their children have left home.

Many children now spend part of their childhood in a lone-parent family, possibly living part of the time with each parent or in a stepfamily.

In 2016, 10% of children aged 0 to 14 lived in a stepfamily. And, still others lived with only their grandparents, with other relatives, or in a foster family.

For the past 150 years, the Census has given us an insight into how Canadian families live and the dramatic ways that families have changed.

Along with millions of other Canadians, you took part in a long-standing tradition that helps us understand where we come from, who we are today, and how to shape our future.

Thank you for completing your census questionnaire and for watching this video. For more information, and to access results for your community from the 2016 Census, please visit www.statcan.gc.ca/census.

 

Refereed Books and Journals

Krull, Catherine. (2014) Cuba in a Global Context: International Relations, Internationalism and Transnationalism. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

Krull. Catherine (Ed) (2014). Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(75), Routledge Press.

Krull. Catherine (Ed) (2013). Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(74), University of Calgary Press.

Krull. Catherine (Ed) (2013). Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(73), University of Calgary Press.

Krull. Catherine (Ed) (2012). Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 35(72), University of Calgary Press.

Krull. Catherine (Ed) (2012). Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 35(71), University of Calgary Press.

Krull, Catherine and Jean Stubbs. (Eds)  (2011). RereadingWomen and the Cuban Revolution, Cuban Studies Series, 41. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Krull, Catherine and Justyna Sempruch. (2011).  A Life in Balance?Reopening the Family-Work Debate. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. 

Krull, Catherine and Soraya Castro. (2010). (Eds)  The Measure of a Revolution: Cuba, 1959-2009.Cuban Studies Series, 40. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Dubinsky, Karen, Catherine Krull, Susan Lord, Sean Mills and Scott Rutherford. (2009). New World Coming: The 1960s and the Shaping of Global Consciousness. Toronto: BTL Press.

 

Books In Progress

Krull, Catherine. (in progress),Generations, Memory and Political Consciousness:Women’s Daily Life in Cuba. (to be completed 2014).

Krull, Catherine, Sonia Enjamio, Lourdes Perez and Ines Rodriguez. (Forthcoming) Mujeres cubanas en tiempos de cambio (Cuban Women in Changing Times). Ciudad de la Habana: Editorial de la Mujer (completed and in editing phase)

Journal Articles (Refereed)

Published

Krull, Catherine. (2013) “In Conversation with Louis Perez, Jr.” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(75), Routledge Press: (16 pp).

Krull, Catherine. (2013) “Looking Back and Moving Forward—Reflections on Latin American and Caribbean Studies” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(74), University of Calgary Press: 219-22.

Krull, Catherine. (2014) “Foreword/Avant-propos” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(75), Routledge Press: (5-11).

Krull, Catherine. (2013) “Foreword/Avant-propos” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, University of Calgary Press: 36(74): 5-8.

Krull, Catherine. (2012) “Foreword/Avant-propos” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(73), University of Calgary Press: 5-9.

Krull, Catherine. (2012) “Foreword/Avant-propos” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(72), University of Calgary Press: 5-9.

Krull, Catherine. (2011) “Foreword/Avant-propos” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 36(71), University of Calgary Press: 5-11.

Krull, Catherine and Jean Stubbs. (2011) “Gender, Sexuality and Revolution Revisited.” RereadingWomen and the Cuban Revolution, Cuban Studies Series. Cuban Studies Series. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. (6 pp.)

Krull, Catherine and Melanie Davidson. (2011). “Adapting to Cuba’s Shifting Food Landscapes: Women’s Strategies of Resistance.” RereadingWomen and the Cuban Revolution, Cuban Studies Series. Cuban Studies Series. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. (33 pages).

Krull, Catherine. (2011). “Food: Gender and Food Shortages.” Cuba: People, Culture, History. Gale, Cengage Learning. Pp. 365-370.

Krull, Catherine and Soraya Castro. (2010) “The Measure of a Revolution”. The Measure of a Revolution: Cuba, 1959-2009, Cuban Studies Series. 41: University of Pittsburgh Press. Pp 1-9.

Krull, Catherine. 2010. "Interviewing: Structured, Unstructured, and Postmodern." In
George Ritzer and J. Michael Ryan’s (Co-Editors) The Concise Encyclopedia of Sociology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Eckstein. Susan and Catherine Krull. 2009. “From Building Barriers to Bridges: Cuban Ties across the Straits.”  Diplomacy and Statecraft 20(2): 322-340.

Pythian, Kelly, Carl Keane and Catherine Krull. 2008 “Family Structure and Parental Behavior: Identifying the Sources of Adolescent Self-Control.” Western Criminology Review, 9(2): 73-87.

Krull, Catherine. 2008. “Families First? An Assessment of Quebec’s Family Policies.” Canadian Review of Social Policy 59: 93-101.

Krull, C. and F. Trovato.  2003. “Collapse of the Cradle: A Comprehensive Framework of Fertility Decline in Quebec: 1941-1991.” Canadian Studies in Population: Special Issue in Honor of Anatole Romaniuc.

Pierce, D., R. Stratkotter, R.A. Sydie and C. Krull. 2003. "Social Labels and Judgments: The Meaning of the Term 'Feminist' for Social Interaction" Psychology of Women Quarterly.

Shortt, S., S. Drake, C. Krull and K. Parent. 2002 “Physician Satisfaction with Availability of Time: A Comparison under Two Payment Methods.” Annales of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, 35(8).

Krull, C. and B. McKercher. September 2002. “The Press, Public Opinion and Government Policy in Britain, 1932-1934.” Diplomacy and Statecraft 13(3): 103-36.

Krull, Catherine. 2001. “Quebec's Alternative to Pronatalism.”  Population Today, November/December. U.S. Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C. 

Krull, Catherine. 2000. “Fertility Change in Quebec: An Age, Period Cohort Analysis.” Canadian Studies in Population, Special Edition on Family Demography, Vol. 27(1): pp. 159-180.

VanBrunshcot, E., Sydie, R. and Krull, C. 1999.  "Images of Prostitution: The Prostitute and Print Media." Women and Criminal Justice, Vol. 10, No. 4: pp. 47-72.

Krull, Catherine and D. Pierce.  (1996). "IQ Testing in America: a Victim of It's Own Success." The Alberta Journal of Educational Research (Special Issue: Canadian Perspectives on The Bell Curve), XLI(3): 349-354.

Krull, C. and F. Trovato.  (1994). "The Quiet Revolution and the Sex Differential in Quebec's Suicide Rates: 1931-1986".  Social Forces 72(4):1121-1147.

Krull, Catherine D. (1994). "Level of Education, Sexual Promiscuity and AIDS".  The Alberta Journal of Educational Research, XL(1):7-20.

Book Chapters (Refereed)

In Press/Forthcoming/Submitted

Krull, Catherine and Jean Stubbs. (Submitted, November 2013) “’Not Miami’: Cubans Living in Toronto and Montreal” In Cynthia Wright and Lana Wylie’s (Eds) ‘Other Diplomacies’: Canada-Cuban Relations (U of T Press, 23 pp.).

Krull, Catherine and Jean Stubbs. (Submitted, August 2013) “Commodification, Cityscapes, and Cultural Negotiations of Belonging in ‘New Cuban Diasporas’ In Nadine Fernandez and Ariana Hernandez-Reguant’s (Eds.) The Cuban Diaspora. Post-Soviet Migrations and Exiles, University Press of Florida, Chapter 1, 32 pp).

Published

Krull, Catherine. (2014) “Cuba`s Global Impact.” In C.  Krull`s. (Ed.). Cuba in a Global Context: International Relations, Internationalism and Transnationalism. University of Florida Press, Pp. 6-25.

Krull, Catherine. (2013) “Investing in Families and Children: Family Policies in Canada.” In Patrizia Albanese and David Cheal, (Eds.) Canadian Families Today: New Perspectives.  Oxford University Press. Chapter 15, Pp. 292-317.

Krull, Catherine. (2012) “Does ‘the Family’ Exist?” In Hird, M.J. and Pavlich, G. (Eds.) Questioning Sociology: Canadian Perspectives. Second Edition. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 90-102.

Krull, Catherine. (2011). “Privileging the Nuclear Family Model: Moving beyond Essentialisms, Universalisms and Binaries.” In Krull and Sempruchs (Eds) Demystifying the Family/Paid Work Contradiction: Challenges and Possibilities, University of British Columbia Press. Pp. 11-30

Krull, Catherine and Justyna Sempruch. (2011). “Diversifying the Model, Demystifying the Approach: The Work-Family Debate Reopened.” In Krull and Sempruchs Demystifying the Family/Paid Work Contradiction: Challenges and Possibilities, University of British Columbia Press. Pp. 1-11.

Krull, Catherine. 2010. “Chapter 15: Investing in Families and Children: Family Policies in Canada.” In David Cheal, (Ed.) CanadianFamilies Today, Oxford University Press. Pp. 254-273.

Rutherford, Scott, Sean Mills, Susan Lord, Catherine Krull, and Karen Dubinsky (Eds.). 2009. “Chapter 1: Defining the Global 1960s.” New World Coming: The 1960s and the Shaping of Global Consciousness. Toronto: BTL Press. Pp. 1-19.

Krull, Catherine. 2007. “Families and the State: Family Policy in Canada.” In David Cheal (Ed.) Canadian Families Today: New Perspectives. Oxford University Press.

Krull, Catherine. 2006. “Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Family Life” Chapter 2 in A. Ambert, Changing Families: Relationships in Context.  Toronto: Pearson Education . pp. 31-57.

Krull, Catherine. 2006. “Cultural Diversity and Adaptation: Canada’s Ethnic and Immigrant Families Minority-Group Status.” Chapter 4 in A. Ambert’s Changing Families: Relationships in Context. Toronto: Pearson Education. Pp. 86-116.

Krull, Catherine. 2003. “Pronatalism, Feminism and Family Policy in Quebec.” In M. Lynn (Ed.) Voices: Essays on Canadian Families, Second Edition. Toronto: Nelson Thomson, Chapter 11.

Krull, Catherine and F. Trovato. 1999. "The Quiet Revolution and Fertility in Quebec, 1931-1991." In Contributions to Family Demography: Essays in Honour of Dr. Wayne W. McVey, Jr., Population Research Laboratory, University of Alberta, pp. 135-171.

Krull, Catherine and David Pierce.  (1997). “Behavior Analysis and Demography: Government Control of Reproductive Behavior and Fertility in the Province of Quebec, Canada.”  In P. A. Lamal (ed.) Cultural Contingencies: Behavior Analytic Perspectives on Cultural Practices.  New York: Praeger, Chapter 5.

Krull, Catherine.  (1996). "From the King's Daughters to the Quiet Revolution: A Historical Overview of Family Structures and the Role of Women in Quebec."  In Marion Lynn (Ed.) Voices: Essays on Canadian Families.  Toronto: Nelson Canada, 369-396.

VanBrunschot, E., C. Krull, and R.A. Sydie.  (1994). "Sexuality, Modernity and Postmodernity: The Prostitute's Account."  In Dawn Curry and Brian McLean (Eds.) Social Inequality, Social Justice. Vancouver: Collective Press, 57-72.

McVey, W., L. Larson, C. Hobart, and C. Krull. (1994). "Marriages and Families in Canada".  In W. Meloff and W.D. Pierce (Eds.)  Introduction to Sociology. Toronto: Nelson Canada, 283-310.