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Competence Essay

Professional Competency Essay

876 Words4 Pages

Professional competence can mean various things to different people. Competency in any career or profession has many basic requirements that are learned in a classroom environment as well as many essential elements that must be learned through formal, on-the-job training in order to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to function adequately as a professional in a workplace setting. Competency in the counseling field is not a ‘once learned, always known’ type of knowledge; it requires a combination of classroom education, internship training to acquire confidence, knowledge, skills, and experience, and an obligation of continuing education on a life-long basis. Commitment to continuous development of competency depends a…show more content…

327) Together with critique from co-workers, supervisors, and one’s own desire to make an honest assessment of competence, these evaluations could be utilized throughout ones professional career in providing useful information on what areas of skills, knowledge and abilities could be further improved and developed. In the textbook, Issues and Ethics in the Healing Professions, a number of excerpts from various Codes of Ethics give short, general references to practitioner’s competence within various professional associations. In the International Association of Marriage and Family Counselors, it states; “Marriage and family therapists do not attempt to diagnose or treat problems beyond the scope of their training and abilities. They do not engage in specialized counseling interventions or techniques unless they have received appropriate training and preparation in the methods.” For the American Psychiatric Association, the guidelines state; “A Psychiatrist who regularly practices outside his or her area of professional competence should be considered unethical. Determination of professional competence should be made by peer review boards or other appropriate bodies.” (Corey, Corey, & Callanan, 2011, 2007 , Eighth Edition) Although the actual definitions of “beyond the scope of their training and abilities” and “practices outside his or her area of professional competence” cannot be defined

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Global competitive pressures, liberalized economic policies, ever-changing customer expectations and technological advancement have put excessive demands on business organizations. In order to survive and thrive business organizations need to prepare themselves in such a way that they can anticipate future changes and pro-act to deal with them. In the endeavour of forecasting change in the environment, human capital of organizations will play very critical role. A central component of human capital is competence. Competence is one of the key elements of performance. People must have knowledge and abilities to perform their tasks. People or organizations should not commit to accomplish something if…show more content…

Skills are described as programmatic involving a sequence of steps with each successive steps triggered by and following closely on the completion of proceeding one. Skillful performance is largely tacit knowledge. Here performer is not aware the details of performance. If he/she is asked to give full account of performance process, the performer finds it difficult if not impossible to articulate the account of performance. Thus differentiate between knowledge and skill and propose that knowledge is pre-requisite of skills.

Woolliams (1999) defines competence as what is needed to be effective in a particular job.
Skandia (1998) conceptualized competence as knowledge, will, and skill. Views it as a ‘capacity’ an activity in interaction rather than as an object.

Losey (1999) defined competency as a function of intelligence, education, experience, ethics, and interest. He has given his conceptualization in term of a equation: Competency = Intelligence + Education + Experience + Ethics + Interest.

According to Losey, to be competent in any trade or profession a person needs brain, study, and real world training. To be effective in the long run one must be ethical in practice and passion for the job.

Ulrich (1998) defined competence as knowledge, skill or ability of employees