Unlike artificial insemination wherein the sperm is introduced into uterus, in IVF, the sperm and egg are fertilized outside the uterus in laboratory conditions. The fertilized egg is then introduced into woman’s uterus. Most often, IVF is not the first treatment suggested for infertility because of its complex nature and costs involved in it.
Related Journals of IVF Treatment
Gynecology & Obstetrics; Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research; Andrology-Open Access; Reproductive Biomedicine Online; Human Reproduction; Fertility and Sterility; Molecular Human Reproduction, Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics; Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica; European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Advances in In-vitro Fertilization
Recent advances and latest techniques in IVF treatment are enabling to achieve high success rates and minimizing the chances of multiple pregnancies and birth defects. The refinements are being done in every step of IVF i.e., ovarian stimulation, collection of sperm, fertilization, embryo development in lab conditions and introduction of embryo into uterus.
Related Journals of Advances in In-vitro Fertilization
International Journal of Andrology, Gynecology & Obstetrics; Andrology-Open Acce; Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research; Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics; Fertility and Sterility; American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology; Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics; Reproductive Medicine and Biology
Infertility is when not being able to achieve pregnancy even after regular intercourse. It is the most common problem which suffers the couples from having children. Many treatments have been available with different success rates. They include fertility drugs, intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), donor insemination (DI), egg (or embryo) donation and surrogacy.
Related Journals of Infertility Treatment
Gynecology & Obstetrics; Critical Care Obstetrics & Gynecology; Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research; Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America; Journal of Reproduction and Infertility; International Journal of Infertility and Fetal Medicine; Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility;Reproductive Biomedicine Online; Human Reproduction
Artificial Insemination (AI) is one of the infertility treatments available for both men and women. In this technique, the sperm is directly introduced into woman’s uterus, fallopian tube or cervix. The most common form of artificial insemination is intra Uterine Insemination (IUI). Although the success rate of this technique is less, it is the first infertility treatment doctor would suggest as it involves less cost and the treatment method is simple.
Related Journals of Artificial Insemination
Critical Care Obstetrics & Gynecology; Gynecology & Obstetrics; Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research; Theriogenology;Journal of Dairy Science; Animal Reproduction Science; Reproduction; Reproduction Fertility and Development; Reproduction in Domestic Animals
Reproductive genetics is a sub-filed of medical genetics that primarily involve conducting different tests for predicting possible outcomes of future pregnancies. The tests involve analyzing genetic material like chromosomes, genes, DNA, RNA and gene products for accessing genetic changes that have likelihood of causing some disease after pregnancy in either mother or child.
Related Journals of Reproductive Genetics
Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics, Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders; Current Trends in Gynecologic Oncology; Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research; Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics; Conservation Genetics; Animal Reproduction Science; Reproductive Biomedicine Online; Human Reproduction Update; PLoS Genetics
Semen Analysis and Sperm Characteristics
Semen analysis is the most common way of accessing infertility in men. It basically evaluates the quality and environment of sperm. The analysis involves testing various sperm parameters such as sperm morphology, sperm count, sperm motility etc. It helps to test sperm donors for quality sperm to be used in assisted reproductive techniques.
Related Journals of Semen Analysis and Sperm Characteristics
Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research; Andrology-Open Access; Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders; Fertility and Sterility; Asian Journal of Andrology; Theriogenology; Human Reproduction; Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics; Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Endometriosis is disease condition in woman in which the tissue which normally grows inside the uterus will grow outside the uterus. The side effects of the condition are pelvic pain and infertility. In 70% of the cases, the pelvic pain would be severe during menstruation. The cause for such condition is not clearly understood yet.
Related Journals of Endometriosis Treatment
Gynecology & Obstetrics; Critical Care Obstetrics & Gynecology; Andrology & Gynecology: Current Research; Journal of Endometriosis; Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology; Human Reproduction; Fertility and Sterility; International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics; Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Vincent Santoro February 25, 2001
Biology Honors Position Paper
With the new technology in our present day culture, In Vitro Fertilization is a practice that I believe should not be done by any person by all means. IVF conflicts with the process of nature by bringing the sperm and egg together in an un-natural way, in a glass. Along with the un-natural aspects of IVF, there are many instances were this form of impregnation conflicts with moral, ethical and legal battles that may led to many problems between the different thoughts of people. IVF may also create a race of people who are genetically selected to be perfect which is completely abnormal and conflicts with many beliefs.
Firstly, I believe that a person should not be able to perform artificial insemination because the real genetic parents of the child are the personsâ whose egg and sperm are being donated. So, when this happens, the donors may want the child to be theirs because they were created from their sex cells. If this practice does happen however, I believe that if a couple is divorced, the sterile man should be completely relieved of child support and financial responsibility. However, if the man does deny the financial responsibility he should not be able to be granted visitation rights.
With IVF, the possibility comes up that a single person may want to use the technology to have a child. I think this is wrong. I believe a child would have difficulty growing up in an environment where there is only one parent figure, and the child should never be deliberately put into a situation like this.
The next subject is the possibility of having a homosexual couple using IVF to have a child. This is beyond wrong. That statement is based on my religious beliefs and may vary from person to person, however, I think that because, in nature, there is no remote possibility that two same sex creatures- mammals- could have a baby. So with this, why try to defy nature and put the child in an environment were a homosexual couple has a child.
When IVF is done, the doctors performing this procedure normally use 8 embryos, 4 for the first try and 4 frozen in case a second try is necessary. Now, if the procedure is successful, I believe that the embryos should be disposed of properly and not be kept frozen. And I also believe that the embryo has no rights. For the situation in which the couple who has this procedure done happens to get divorced, I think that they should neither be given legal custody of the embryo unless otherwise wished by a member of the couple. I also think it is foolish that a frozen embryo should inherit the estate of the couple who created them. I say this because if they wanted them to inherit their estate, they shouldnât have of frozen them.
About the topic of surrogate mothers, I personally think they shouldnât even exist, I say this because if someone is un-fertile or sterile, there is a reason for this, so why have someone go through the carrying of the baby and not get the baby in return. If this process of having a surrogate mother carries the baby, then they should not be paid at all. I say this because if they need to be paid to carry the baby, and then they must not care about nothing more than money. In the case of the surrogate mother consumes alcohol or does drugs then it just adds to the reason why they shouldnât even exist in the first place. If the surrogate mother decides to have an abortion then it is her choice and if any money was taken for the process, it should be paid back in full. If the baby ends up having any mental or physical disabilities, then the parents should still have to keep the baby regardless of how the baby turn out.
As for the possibility of the use of embryos for further experimentation in new reproductive purposes, I think it should not be considered unless there is permission from both genetic parents and as long as they have to responsibilities towards the child in case of a birth.
With the new possibilities associated with IVF, I think the most appalling besides homosexual couples using IVF is the practice of having postmenopausal women impregnated through the new technology. This is because of two reasons, firstly is the situation the child is put in because of having a mother and/or father who are very elder raise a young child, because of the possibility they wonât be around for a very long time. Secondly is that these postmenopausal women already had their chance to be impregnated for many years, and they should have of used there time wisely and they wouldnât be in the situation in the first place.
What is also appalling to me is the use of IVF for genetically selecting the sex, health, intelligence and beauty of a child. This again is the entire concept of using technology to try to defy nature. A child should be born for the purpose of being able to raise your own son or daughter for who they are, not what they were made from.
Ultimately, this new procedure, from the getting of the sperm and egg, to the micro-injection, to implantation to impregnation is a practice I do not believe in because of my ethical, moral and religious values that are based on the concept of letting nature take its course and not having the advancements in technology alter the way children were conceived from the time man was made.
Word Count: 951