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Scaevola Plumieri Descriptive Essay

Scaevola is a genus of flowering plants in the Goodeniafamily, Goodeniaceae. It consists of more than 130 tropical species, with the center of diversity being Australia and Polynesia.

Common names for Scaevola species include scaevolas, fan-flowers, half-flowers, and naupaka, the plants' Hawaiian name. The flowers are shaped as if they have been cut in half. Consequently, the generic name means "left-handed" in Latin. Many legends have been told to explain the formation of the naupaka's unique half flowers. In one version a woman tears the flower in half after a quarrel with her lover. The gods, angered, turn all naupaka flowers into half flowers and the two lovers remained separated while the man is destined to search in vain for another whole flower.[2]

Scaevola is the only Goodeniaceae genus that is widespread outside of Australia. In at least six separate dispersals, about 40 species have spread throughout the Pacific Basin, with a few reaching the tropical coasts of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

The Hawaiian Islands are home to ten Scaevola species, nine of which are endemic.[3] Eight of the indigenous species are the result of a single colonization event. Scaevola glabra and Scaevola taccada arrived separately to produce a total of three colonizations of Hawaii by Scaevola. Some of the endemic species are of hybrid origin.[4]

Beach naupaka (Scaevola taccada synonym S. sericea) occurs throughout the Pacific and Indian Oceans and is considered an invasive species in Florida, USA, and in some islands of the Caribbean including the Cayman Islands[5] and the Bahamas. Beachberry or Inkberry (Scaevola plumieri) is widespread along the Atlantic coast of the tropical Americas and Africa; however, it is becoming rarer in areas where S. taccada is displacing native coastal plants.

Most Australian Scaevola have dry fruits and sprawling, herbaceous to shrubby habits. By contrast, nearly all species outside Australia have shrub habits with fleshy fruit making dispersal by frugivores easy.

The plant pathogenicsac fungusMycosphaerella scaevolae was discovered on a Scaevola fan-flower.

Selected species[edit]

Main article: List of Scaevola species

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Howarth, Dianella G.; Gustafsson, Mats H.G.; Baum, David A. & Motley, Timothy J. (2003): Phylogenetics of the genus Scaevola (Goodeniaceae): implication for dispersal patterns across the Pacific Basin and colonization of the Hawaiian Islands. Am. J. Bot.90(6): 915-213. PDF fulltextSupplemental data

External links[edit]

Media related to Scaevola at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Scaevola at Wikispecies

  1. ^"Genus: Scaevola L". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  2. ^Hammer, Roger (Spring 1998). "Postcards from Paradise: Separated Lovers and the Beach Naupaka"(PDF). Wildland Weeds: 7–8. 
  3. ^"Selected Plants Found on Hawaii's Offshore Islets". Offshore Islet Restoration Committee. 
  4. ^Howarth, Dianella G.; David A. Baum (2005). "Genealogical evidence of homoploid hybrid speciation in an adaptive radiation of Scaevola (Goodeniaceae) in the Hawaiian Islands". Evolution. 59 (5): 948–961. doi:10.1111/j.0014-3820.2005.tb01034.x. PMID 16136795. 
  5. ^DaCosta-Cottam, M.; Olynik, J.; Blumenthal, J.; Godbeer, K.D.; Gibb, J.; Bothwell, J.; Burton, F.J.; Bradley, P.E.; Band, A.; Austin, T.; Bush, P.; Johnson, B.J.; Hurlston, L.; Bishop, L.; McCoy, C.; Parsons, G.; Kirkconnell, J.; Halford, S.; Ebanks-Petrie, G. (2009). "Cayman Islands National Biodiversity Action Plan 2009"(PDF). Cayman Islands Government. Department of Environment. 
  6. ^Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "Naupaka kuahiwi, mountain naupaka"(PDF). Common Forest Trees of Hawaii (Native and Introduced). United States Forest Service. 
  7. ^Scott, Susan. 1991. Plants and Animals of Hawaii. Bess Press.

Description

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Purple Ryder is a beautifully coloured new auto-flowering variety developed by underground breeder Mossy. The Joint doctors Purple Ryder (AKA Purple JEMS) buds display a broad colour palette, ending with a stunning royal purple. Purple Ryder plants produce large purple nuggets covered in a sticky layer of resin. The reward is a well-balanced stone that satisfies the palate and relaxes the body. Flavour is on the floral side with a hint of sweetness. Low ambient odour!

Passing directly from the seedling to the flowering stage, Purple Ryder altogether does away with the vegetative growth stage, in a process called autoflowering. In other words, when planted, it sprouts, grows a couple sets of leaves, then immediately and automatically begins flowering (males at about day 17, females at day 20). As a result, it is the quickest, most compact, and most discrete plant available.

Genetics

F7 Mazar x Lowryder

Flowering Type

Autoflowering

THC Content

10-12%

CBD Content

0.1%

Grows

Greenhouse, Grows indoors, Grows outdoors

Flowering Time

6 Weeks

Harvest Month

9 Weeks from Seed